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Metals 2017, 7(3), 98;

Effects of Charcoal Addition on the Properties of Carbon Anodes

Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
NSERC/Alcoa Industrial Research Chair MACE3 and Aluminum Research Centre REGAL, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
Alcoa Primary Metals, Alcoa Technical Center, 100 Technical Drive, Alcoa Center, PA 15069-0001, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hugo F. Lopez
Received: 26 January 2017 / Revised: 10 March 2017 / Accepted: 13 March 2017 / Published: 16 March 2017
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Wood charcoal is an attractive alternative to petroleum coke in production of carbon anodes for the aluminum smelting process. Calcined petroleum coke is the major component in the anode recipe and its consumption results in a direct greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint for the industry. Charcoal, on the other hand, is considered as a green and abundant source of sulfur-free carbon. However, its amorphous carbon structure and high contents of alkali and alkaline earth metals (e.g., Na and Ca) make charcoal highly reactive to air and CO2. Acid washing and heat treatment were employed in order to reduce the reactivity of charcoal. The pre-treated charcoal was used to substitute up to 10% of coke in the anode recipe in an attempt to investigate the effect of this substitution on final anode properties. The results showed deterioration in the anode properties by increasing the charcoal content. However, by adjusting the anode recipe, this negative effect can be considerably mitigated. Increasing the pitch content was found to be helpful to improve the physical properties of the anodes containing charcoal. View Full-Text
Keywords: anodes; charcoal; petroleum coke; density; electrical resistivity; mechanical properties anodes; charcoal; petroleum coke; density; electrical resistivity; mechanical properties

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Hussein, A.; Fafard, M.; Ziegler, D.; Alamdari, H. Effects of Charcoal Addition on the Properties of Carbon Anodes. Metals 2017, 7, 98.

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