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Humanities 2013, 2(2), 278-291; doi:10.3390/h2020278

Evolutionary Medicine and Future of Humanity: Will Evolution Have the Final Word?

1
Biological Anthropology and Comparative Anatomy Unit, University of Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia
2
Center for Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zürich, Room 42-G-70, Winterthurerstr. 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 April 2013 / Revised: 21 May 2013 / Accepted: 28 May 2013 / Published: 5 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Humanity’s Future)
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Abstract

Evolutionary medicine in its classical form assumes that since cultural evolution is faster than biological evolution, ailments of modern people are a result of mismatch between adaptations to the past environments and current situations. A core principle is that we, humans, having evolved for millions of years in a specific natural environment (environment of evolutionary adaptation EEA) are biologically adapted to this past environment and the ancient lifestyle. This adaptation to the past produces major mismatch of our bodies with the present, highly anthropic and thus “artificial” living conditions. This article provides two areas of possible future evolution, diet and physical activity levels which have been dramatically altered in industrialised societies. Consequently, micro-evolution is an on-going process. View Full-Text
Keywords: Darwinian evolution; mismatch; Lamarckian selection; diet; sedentism; physical activity levels Darwinian evolution; mismatch; Lamarckian selection; diet; sedentism; physical activity levels
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Saniotis, A.; Henneberg, M. Evolutionary Medicine and Future of Humanity: Will Evolution Have the Final Word? Humanities 2013, 2, 278-291.

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