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Religions 2017, 8(10), 208; doi:10.3390/rel8100208

Assessing Religious Orientations: Replication and Validation of the Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex (CRC) Model

1
Clinical Counseling Psychology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688, USA
2
Psychology, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA 98926, USA
3
Consortium for Heath and Military Performance, Uniformed Service University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christian Zwingmann
Received: 5 September 2017 / Revised: 20 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 28 September 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1971 KB, uploaded 29 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex (CRC) model is a structural model of religious orientation that was designed to help organize and clarify measurement of foundational aspect of religiousness. The current study successfully replicated the CRC model using multidimensional scaling, and further evaluated the reliability, structure, and validity of their measures in both a university student sample (Study 1) and a nationally representative sample (Study 2). All 10 subscales of the Circumplex Religious Orientation Inventory (CROI) demonstrated good reliability across both samples. A two-week test-retest of the CROI showed that the subscales are stable over time. A confirmatory factor analysis of the CROI in the representative adult sample demonstrated good model fit. Finally, the CROI’s validity was examined in relation to the Intrinsic, Extrinsic and Quest measures. Overall, the CROI appears to clarify much of the ambiguity inherent in the established scales by breaking down what were very broad orientations into very specific suborientations. The results suggest that the CRC model is applicable for diverse populations of adults. In addition, the CROI appears to be construct valid with good structural and psychometric properties across all 10 subscales. View Full-Text
Keywords: religious orientation; religious motivation; scale validation; intrinsic/extrinsic; quest; circumplex; multidimensional model; religiosity religious orientation; religious motivation; scale validation; intrinsic/extrinsic; quest; circumplex; multidimensional model; religiosity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Link: http://doi.org/10.3886/E100943V1
    Description: All data have been approved by the university IRB. Public access includes Multidimensional Scaling outputs for both samples, Confirmatory Factor Analysis output for the representative sample, and a raw data Excel file (i.e., both samples, test-retest data, and demographic key).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Isaak, S.L.; James, J.R.; Radeke, M.K.; Krauss, S.W.; Schuler, K.L.; Schuler, E.R. Assessing Religious Orientations: Replication and Validation of the Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex (CRC) Model. Religions 2017, 8, 208.

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