Next Article in Journal
Partnership Models for Climate Compatible Development: Experiences from Zambia
Previous Article in Journal
Calling for Justice in the Goldfields of Tanzania
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Resources 2012, 1(1), 23-33; doi:10.3390/resources1010023

Resource Criticality and Commodity Production Projections

Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney, Ultimo 2007, Australia
Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton 3800, Australia
Center for Security Studies, ETH Zürich, Zuerich 8092, Switzerland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2012 / Revised: 10 December 2012 / Accepted: 17 December 2012 / Published: 19 December 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [221 KB, uploaded 19 December 2012]   |  


Resource criticality arising from peak production of primary ores is explored in this paper. We combine the Geologic Resource Supply-Demand Model of Mohr [1] to project future resource production for selected commodities in Australia, namely iron and coal which together represent around 50% of the value of total Australian exports as well as copper, gold and lithium. The projections (based on current estimates of ultimately recoverable reserves) indicate that peak production in Australia would occur for lithium in 2015; for gold in 2021; for copper in 2024; for iron in 2039 and for coal in 2060. The quantitative analysis is coupled with the criticality framework for peak minerals of Mason et al. [2] comprising (i) resource availability, (ii) societal resource addiction to commodity use, and (iii) alternatives such as dematerialization or substitution to assess the broader dimension s of peak minerals production for Australia.
Keywords: peak minerals; sustainable; dematerialization; metals peak minerals; sustainable; dematerialization; metals
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Supplementary materials

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Giurco, D.; Mohr, S.; Mudd, G.; Mason, L.; Prior, T. Resource Criticality and Commodity Production Projections. Resources 2012, 1, 23-33.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top