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Healthcare 2018, 6(3), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6030081

Tackling the Consumption of High Sugar Products among Children and Adolescents in the Pacific Islands: Implications for Future Research

1
Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
2
Faculty of Health Sciences and Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
3
Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Research in Education, EA 7483, School of Education, University of New Caledonia, Nouméa BP R4 98851, New Caledonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 June 2018 / Revised: 4 July 2018 / Accepted: 11 July 2018 / Published: 12 July 2018
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Abstract

The Pacific Islands are experiencing an obesity epidemic with a rate of overweight and obesity as high as 80% among adults in some Pacific Island nations. Children and adolescents in the region are also affected by overweight and obesity, which is alarming due to the increased likelihood of remaining overweight as an adult. Research supports an association between poor diet and an increased risk of obesity and development of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Excess consumption of free sugars is associated with poorer overall diet quality and increased risk of weight gain, chronic inflammation and dental caries. Traditional diets in the Pacific Islands are being supplemented with processed, high-sugar foods and beverages; thus, there is a clear need for effective interventions promoting positive dietary behaviors in the region. School and community based interventions offer an opportunity to promote positive behavior change among children and adolescents. This review aims to evaluate interventions targeting the consumption of high-sugar products in this population in the Pacific Islands. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pacific Islands; children; adolescents; sugar; intervention; Polynesian; Melanesian Pacific Islands; children; adolescents; sugar; intervention; Polynesian; Melanesian
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Aldwell, K.; Caillaud, C.; Galy, O.; Frayon, S.; Allman-Farinelli, M. Tackling the Consumption of High Sugar Products among Children and Adolescents in the Pacific Islands: Implications for Future Research. Healthcare 2018, 6, 81.

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