Special Issue "Electronic Cigarettes as a Tool in Tobacco Harm Reduction"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2014)
Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos
Department of Cardiology, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, Sygrou 356, Kallithea 17674, Greece
Interests: electronic cigarettes; tobacco harm reduction; cardiovascular imaging
Electronic cigarettes have been introduced to the market in recent years as smoking alternatives. Despite major concerns from public health authorities, they have gained tremendous popularity and acceptance by consumers, with sales growing exponentially every year. Users (commonly called “vapers”) have organized themselves through the development of internet forums and consumer associations. There is an important social aspect in electronic cigarette use. Such characteristics have never been observed in any other product in the tobacco harm reduction or smoking cessation area. However, there are a lot of questions that need to be answered, as well as confusions and misunderstandings that need to be clarified. Is there a potential for electronic cigarettes to be a breakthrough in tobacco harm reduction? Do they represent a gateway from or to smoking? Are they effective in promoting smoking reduction or as a complete substitution, and why? Is there a potential to cause harm, and at what level compared to smoking? How should they be regulated? These are crucial issues that need to be addressed. Therefore, I invite you to submit your research and opinion, in order to better understand and explore this new phenomenon.
Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Nicotine safety in the context of e-cigarette use and tobacco dependence
Author: Jacques Le Houezec
Affiliation: Amzer Glas, 176, rue de Brest, F-35000 Rennes, France; E-Mail: Jacques.email@example.com
Abstract: Nicotine is responsible for tobacco dependence but not for tobacco-related diseases. Nicotine is quite safe when used at doses smokers or electronic cigarette users (vapers) inhale. Moreover, its toxicity has been unduly exaggerated for more than a century and repeatedly reported in articles without citing original references. Smoking-related harm is due to the more than 7,000 substances of the smoke, including cancer causing substances, oxidant gases, and carbon monoxide (CO), but not from nicotine. Most toxic substances are generated from the combustion of tobacco, which does not occur in electronic cigarettes, meaning that there is no CO and no oxidant gases. Although some toxic substances (cancer causing substances such as aldehydes or heavy metals) have been found in the vapour of electronic cigarettes, their concentrations are considerably lower (by one to two orders of magnitude) compared to cigarette smoke. On the contrary, nicotine intake has been found to be safe when inhaled, is not classified as a carcinogenic substance and has minimal (if any) contribution to smoking-related cardiovascular disease. Consequently, electronic cigarettes are a considerably safer method of nicotine intake and should not pose significant health problems, at least in case of short-term use. More data are needed for long-term use. However, considering the long-term effects of inhaled nicotine, no alarming health effects have emerged from animal studies, which is reassuring for smokers who would use electronic cigarettes for harm reduction.