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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(11), 15401-15419; doi:10.3390/ijms131115401

Marine Omega-3 Phospholipids: Metabolism and Biological Activities

1
Aker BioMarine ASA, Fjordalléen 16, NO-0115 Oslo, Norway
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2012 / Revised: 9 November 2012 / Accepted: 14 November 2012 / Published: 21 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phospholipids: Molecular Sciences 2012)
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Abstract

The biological activities of omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FAs) have been under extensive study for several decades. However, not much attention has been paid to differences of dietary forms, such as triglycerides (TGs) versus ethyl esters or phospholipids (PLs). New innovative marine raw materials, like krill and fish by-products, present n-3 FAs mainly in the PL form. With their increasing availability, new evidence has emerged on n-3 PL biological activities and differences to n-3 TGs. In this review, we describe the recently discovered nutritional properties of n-3 PLs on different parameters of metabolic syndrome and highlight their different metabolic bioavailability in comparison to other dietary forms of n-3 FAs.
Keywords: phospholipid; krill oil; phosphatidylcholine; fish oil; triglyceride phospholipid; krill oil; phosphatidylcholine; fish oil; triglyceride
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Burri, L.; Hoem, N.; Banni, S.; Berge, K. Marine Omega-3 Phospholipids: Metabolism and Biological Activities. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 15401-15419.

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