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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(8), 15376-15385; doi:10.3390/ijms140815376

The L10P Polymorphism and Serum Levels of Transforming Growth Factor β1 in Human Breast Cancer

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC), Medical University of Vienna, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 June 2013 / Revised: 13 July 2013 / Accepted: 15 July 2013 / Published: 24 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research of Carcinogenesis)
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Abstract

The L10P single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is located in the signal sequence of the transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) gene. The proline-encoding (Pro-) allele of this SNP has been associated with an increased breast cancer risk, which has been attributed to the elevated secretion of this TGFβ1 variant observed in vitro and in male subjects. Here we investigated the association of the L10P SNP with serum levels of TGFβ1 in female breast cancer patients and controls. We genotyped the L10P SNP in 276 breast cancer patients and 255 controls. Serum TGFβ1 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in a subset of the study population (n = 211). We found no evidence for an association of the L10P SNP with breast cancer risk (per-allele odds ratio: 0.91; 95% confidence interval: 0.71–1.16). However, patients with the Pro/Pro genotype exhibited a significantly younger age at breast cancer onset (55.2 ± 14.3 years) than Leu/Leu patients (60.6 ± 13.6 years; p = 0.04), which may reflect the ability of TGFβ to promote tumor progression. Mean TGFβ1 serum levels of Pro-allele carriers were 39.4 ± 7.4 ng/mL, whereas those of Leu/Leu subjects were 37.6 ± 6.0 ng/mL (p = 0.07). Thus, compared to a previous study of male subjects, we observed only a modest increase, if any, in TGFβ1 levels of female Pro-allele carriers.
Keywords: breast cancer; TGFβ1; rs1800470; L10P SNP; serum levels breast cancer; TGFβ1; rs1800470; L10P SNP; serum levels
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Taubenschuß, E.; Marton, E.; Mogg, M.; Frech, B.; Ehart, L.; Muin, D.; Schreiber, M. The L10P Polymorphism and Serum Levels of Transforming Growth Factor β1 in Human Breast Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 15376-15385.

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