Next Article in Journal
Immunoanalysis Methods for the Detection of Dioxins and Related Chemicals
Previous Article in Journal
Development of a One-Step Immunocapture Real-Time RT-PCR Assay for Detection of Tobacco Mosaic Virus in Soil
Sensors 2012, 12(12), 16695-16709; doi:10.3390/s121216695

Wearable and Implantable Sensors: The Patient’s Perspective

1,* , 2
1 Imperial College London, Medical Engineering Solutions in Osteoarthritis Centre of Excellence, London W6 8RF, UK 2 Imperial College London, Department of Bioengineering, London SW7 2AZ, UK 3 Imperial College London, Department of Cancer & Surgery, London W6 8RF, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2012 / Revised: 20 November 2012 / Accepted: 21 November 2012 / Published: 5 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [658 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures


There has been a rising interest in wearable and implantable biomedical sensors over the last decade. However, many technologies have not been integrated into clinical care, due to a limited understanding of user-centered design issues. Little information is available about these issues and there is a need to adopt more rigorous evidence standards for design features to allow important medical sensors to progress quicker into clinical care. Current trends in patient preferences need to be incorporated at an early stage into the design process of prospective clinical sensors. The first comprehensive patient data set, discussing mobile biomedical sensor technology, is presented in this paper. The study population mainly consisted of individuals suffering from arthritis. It was found that sensor systems needed to be small, discreet, unobtrusive and preferably incorporated into everyday objects. The upper extremity was seen as the favored position on the body for placement, while invasive placement yielded high levels of acceptance. Under these conditions most users were willing to wear the body-worn sensor for more than 20 h a day. This study is a first step to generate research based user-orientated design criteria’s for biomedical sensors.
Keywords: medical sensors; wearable technology; body sensor networks; patient centered design medical sensors; wearable technology; body sensor networks; patient centered design
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Bergmann, J.H.M.; Chandaria, V.; McGregor, A. Wearable and Implantable Sensors: The Patient’s Perspective. Sensors 2012, 12, 16695-16709.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert