Next Article in Journal
Utilization of Norway’s Emergency Wards: The Second 5 Years after the Introduction of the Patient List System
Next Article in Special Issue
European Monitoring Systems and Data for Assessing Environmental and Climate Impacts on Human Infectious Diseases
Previous Article in Journal
Temporal Trends and Correlates of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Physical Fitness among School-Aged Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Heat-Related Deaths in Hot Cities: Estimates of Human Tolerance to High Temperature Thresholds
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 3360-3374; doi:10.3390/ijerph110303360

Implementing Cargo Movement into Climate Based Risk Assessment of Vector-Borne Diseases

Department of Biogeography, University of Bayreuth, Universitaetsstrasse 30, D-95447 Bayreuth, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 November 2013 / Revised: 5 March 2014 / Accepted: 10 March 2014 / Published: 20 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2746 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  


During the last decades the disease vector Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) has rapidly spread around the globe. Global shipment of goods contributes to its permanent introduction. Invaded regions are facing novel and serious public health concerns, especially regarding the transmission of formerly non-endemic arboviruses such as dengue and chikungunya. The further development and potential spread to other regions depends largely on their climatic suitability. Here, we have developed a tool for identifying and prioritizing European areas at risk for the establishment of Aedes albopictus by taking into account, for the first time, the freight imports from this mosquito’s endemic countries and the climate suitability at harbors and their surrounding regions. In a second step we consider the further transport of containers by train and inland waterways because these types of transport can be well controlled. We identify European regions at risk, where a huge amount of transported goods meet climatically suitable conditions for the disease vector. The current and future suitability of the climate for Aedes albopictus was modeled by a correlative niche model approach and the Regional Climate Model COSMO-CLM. This risk assessment combines impacts of globalization and global warming to improve effective and proactive interventions in disease vector surveillance and control actions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Asian tiger mosquito; global change; globalization; global warming; health hazards; invasive species Asian tiger mosquito; global change; globalization; global warming; health hazards; invasive species

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Thomas, S.M.; Tjaden, N.B.; van den Bos, S.; Beierkuhnlein, C. Implementing Cargo Movement into Climate Based Risk Assessment of Vector-Borne Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 3360-3374.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top