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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1528; doi:10.3390/ijerph14121528

Adsorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) by Ginkgo-Leaf-Derived Biochar Produced under Various Carbonization Temperatures and Times

1
Department of Urban System Engineering, Gyeoungnam National University of Science and Technology (GNTECH), Dongjin-ro 33, Jinju, Gyeongnam 52725, Korea
2
Department of Environmental and Biological Chemistry, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk 28644, Korea
3
Department of Environmental Engineering, Gyeoungnam National University of Science and Technology (GNTECH), Dongjin-ro 33, Jinju, Gyeongnam 52725, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2017 / Revised: 23 November 2017 / Accepted: 5 December 2017 / Published: 7 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Engineering and Public Health)
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Abstract

Ginkgo trees are common street trees in Korea, and the large amounts of leaves that fall onto the streets annually need to be cleaned and treated. Therefore, fallen gingko leaves have been used as a raw material to produce biochar for the removal of heavy metals from solutions. Gingko-leaf-derived biochar was produced under various carbonization temperatures and times. This study evaluated the physicochemical properties and adsorption characteristics of gingko-leaf-derived biochar samples produced under different carbonization conditions regarding Pb(II) and Cu(II). The biochar samples that were produced at 800 °C for 90 and 120 min contained the highest oxygen- and nitrogen-substituted carbons, which might contribute to a high metal-adsorption rate. The intensity of the phosphate bond was increased with the increasing of the carbonization temperature up to 800 °C and after 90 min of carbonization. The Pb(II) and Cu(II) adsorption capacities were the highest when the gingko-leaf-derived biochar was produced at 800 °C, and the removal rates were 99.2% and 34.2%, respectively. The highest removal rate was achieved when the intensity of the phosphate functional group in the biochar was the highest. Therefore, the gingko-leaf-derived biochar produced at 800 °C for 90 min can be used as an effective bio-adsorbent in the removal of metals from solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: ginkgo-leaf-derived biochar; carbonization condition; adsorption; lead; copper ginkgo-leaf-derived biochar; carbonization condition; adsorption; lead; copper
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, M.-E.; Park, J.H.; Chung, J.W. Adsorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) by Ginkgo-Leaf-Derived Biochar Produced under Various Carbonization Temperatures and Times. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1528.

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