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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 447; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040447

Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Smoke-Free Rules in Homes among Socially-Disadvantaged Populations in Poland

1
Department of Tobacco Control, Preventive Medicine Department, Medical University of Lodz, 90-752 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Nutrition in Digestive Tract Diseases, Medical University of Lodz, 93-338 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 21 February 2017 / Revised: 5 April 2017 / Accepted: 19 April 2017 / Published: 21 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behavior and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [327 KB, uploaded 21 April 2017]

Abstract

This study aims to examine the prevalence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in homes among socially-disadvantaged populations in Poland, along with the prevalence and correlates of voluntary implementation of smoke-free home rules. Data concerning 1617 respondents from a cross-sectional study completed in the Piotrkowski District were used, which was part of the “Reducing Social Inequalities in Health” program. Overall, 19.4% of the respondents declared exposure to ETS at home. In the non-smokers group, 15.5%, including 6.6% males and 18.3% females, were exposed to ETS in their place of residence (p < 0.0001). Complete smoke-free rules were adopted by 22.1% of the study participants. Two factors, smoker status and lack of ETS-associated health risk awareness, were found to be significantly associated with no adoption of total smoking bans at home. Socially-disadvantaged non-smokers, especially females from rural areas in Poland, still constitute a large population exposed to ETS in their homes—a challenge from the perspective of public health. Focused efforts are required to address social norms around exposing others to ETS. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco control; environmental tobacco smoke; smoke-free home; low socioeconomic status population tobacco control; environmental tobacco smoke; smoke-free home; low socioeconomic status population
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Milcarz, K.; Bak-Romaniszyn, L.; Kaleta, D. Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Smoke-Free Rules in Homes among Socially-Disadvantaged Populations in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 447.

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