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Materials 2009, 2(4), 1697-1733; doi:10.3390/ma2041697

Polymer Composite and Nanocomposite Dielectric Materials for Pulse Power Energy Storage

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
This review’s purpose is to report significant research advances in polymer inorganic dielectric composites without regard to their industrial application potential.
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Received: 12 September 2009 / Revised: 22 October 2009 / Accepted: 23 October 2009 / Published: 29 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Technology for the 21st Century - Materials and Devices)
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Abstract

This review summarizes the current state of polymer composites used as dielectric materials for energy storage. The particular focus is on materials: polymers serving as the matrix, inorganic fillers used to increase the effective dielectric constant, and various recent investigations of functionalization of metal oxide fillers to improve compatibility with polymers. We review the recent literature focused on the dielectric characterization of composites, specifically the measurement of dielectric permittivity and breakdown field strength. Special attention is given to the analysis of the energy density of polymer composite materials and how the functionalization of the inorganic filler affects the energy density of polymer composite dielectric materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer; composites; dielectric; nanocomposite; dielectric breakdown strength; energy density; surface modification; barium titanate; titania; calcium copper titanate; lanthanum strontium nickelate polymer; composites; dielectric; nanocomposite; dielectric breakdown strength; energy density; surface modification; barium titanate; titania; calcium copper titanate; lanthanum strontium nickelate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Barber, P.; Balasubramanian, S.; Anguchamy, Y.; Gong, S.; Wibowo, A.; Gao, H.; Ploehn, H.J.; Zur Loye, H.-C. Polymer Composite and Nanocomposite Dielectric Materials for Pulse Power Energy Storage. Materials 2009, 2, 1697-1733.

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