Titanium Corrosion Mechanisms in the Oral Environment: A Retrieval Study
AbstractCorrosion of titanium dental implants has been associated with implant failure and is considered one of the triggering factors for peri-implantitis. This corrosion is concerning, because a large amount of metal ions and debris are generated in this process, the accumulation of which may lead to adverse tissue reactions in vivo. The goal of this study is to investigate the mechanisms for implant degradation by evaluating the surface of five titanium dental implants retrieved due to peri-implantitis. The results demonstrated that all the implants were subjected to very acidic environments, which, in combination with normal implant loading, led to cases of severe implant discoloration, pitting attack, cracking and fretting-crevice corrosion. The results suggest that acidic environments induced by bacterial biofilms and/or inflammatory processes may trigger oxidation of the surface of titanium dental implants. The corrosive process can lead to permanent breakdown of the oxide film, which, besides releasing metal ions and debris in vivo, may also hinder re-integration of the implant surface with surrounding bone.
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Rodrigues, D.C.; Valderrama, P.; Wilson, T.G., Jr.; Palmer, K.; Thomas, A.; Sridhar, S.; Adapalli, A.; Burbano, M.; Wadhwani, C. Titanium Corrosion Mechanisms in the Oral Environment: A Retrieval Study. Materials 2013, 6, 5258-5274.
Rodrigues DC, Valderrama P, Wilson TG, Jr, Palmer K, Thomas A, Sridhar S, Adapalli A, Burbano M, Wadhwani C. Titanium Corrosion Mechanisms in the Oral Environment: A Retrieval Study. Materials. 2013; 6(11):5258-5274.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rodrigues, Danieli C.; Valderrama, Pilar; Wilson, Thomas G., Jr.; Palmer, Kelli; Thomas, Anie; Sridhar, Sathyanarayanan; Adapalli, Arvind; Burbano, Maria; Wadhwani, Chandur. 2013. "Titanium Corrosion Mechanisms in the Oral Environment: A Retrieval Study." Materials 6, no. 11: 5258-5274.