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Forests 2017, 8(4), 120; doi:10.3390/f8040120

Fire History of Appalachian Forests of the Lower St-Lawrence Region (Southern Quebec)

1
Département de Biologie and Centre d’Études Nordiques, Université Laval, 1045 Avenue de la Médecine, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
2
Direction des Inventaires Forestiers, Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs, 5700 4e Avenue ouest, Québec, QC G1H 6R1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael C. Stambaugh and Timothy A. Martin
Received: 3 March 2017 / Revised: 31 March 2017 / Accepted: 5 April 2017 / Published: 11 April 2017
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Abstract

Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) forests are among the main forest types of eastern North America. Sugar maple stands growing on Appalachian soils of the Lower St-Lawrence region are located at the northeastern limit of the northern hardwood forest zone. Given the biogeographical position of these forests at the edge of the boreal biome, we aimed to reconstruct the fire history and document the occurrence of temperate and boreal trees in sugar maple sites during the Holocene based on soil macrocharcoal analysis. Despite having experienced a different number of fire events, the fire history of the maple sites was broadly similar, with two main periods of fire activity, i.e., early- to mid-Holocene and late-Holocene. A long fire-free interval of at least 3500 years separated the two periods from the mid-Holocene to 2000 years ago. The maple sites differ with respect to fire frequency and synchronicity of the last millennia. According to the botanical composition of charcoal, forest vegetation remained relatively homogenous during the Holocene, except recently. Conifer and broadleaf species coexisted in mixed forests during the Holocene, in phase with fire events promoting the regeneration of boreal and temperate tree assemblages including balsam fir (Abies balsamea) and sugar maple. View Full-Text
Keywords: maple forest; sugar maple; soil charcoal; macrofossil analysis; fire regime; forest stability maple forest; sugar maple; soil charcoal; macrofossil analysis; fire regime; forest stability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Payette, S.; Pilon, V.; Couillard, P.-L.; Laflamme, J. Fire History of Appalachian Forests of the Lower St-Lawrence Region (Southern Quebec). Forests 2017, 8, 120.

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