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Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2849; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082849

Coordinated Control Model of Main-Signal and Pre-Signal for Intersections with Dynamic Waiting Lanes

School of Automotive and Traffic Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212000, China
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Received: 18 July 2018 / Revised: 5 August 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
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Abstract

In order to alleviate the problem of the oversaturation of intersections, a traffic control method using a main-signal and pre-signals to periodically control the direction of dynamic waiting lanes was proposed in this paper. Based on the research on vehicle delay at intersections with dynamic waiting lanes and constraint relationships among a set of timing elements of the main-signal and pre-signal, a coordinated control model of a main-signal and pre-signal was built to minimize the average delay. Finally, a case study was performed to show that the proposed model is feasible. The objective optimization was performed by using a genetic algorithm to determine the main-signal and pre-signal timing scheme of the case study intersection, and then the average delay before and after installing dynamic waiting lanes was calculated and analyzed. The proposed method was found to be effective in reducing the intersection delay by 31.8% compared with the present situation of the intersection. Subsequently, the traffic volumes in the directions with dynamic waiting lanes installed were changed. It was demonstrated that with increasing traffic volumes, the effectiveness of the model to reduce intersection delay would be significant. View Full-Text
Keywords: traffic engineering; dynamic waiting lane; pre-signal; signal coordination; delay traffic engineering; dynamic waiting lane; pre-signal; signal coordination; delay
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Zhao, C.; Chang, Y.; Zhang, P. Coordinated Control Model of Main-Signal and Pre-Signal for Intersections with Dynamic Waiting Lanes. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2849.

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