Next Article in Journal
Measuring Sprawl across the Urban Rural Continuum Using an Amalgamated Sprawl Index
Next Article in Special Issue
Paradoxes and Possibilities for a ‘Green’ Housing Sector: A Swedish Case
Previous Article in Journal
Coping with Change: A Closer Look at the Underlying Attributes of Change and the Individual Response to Unstable Environments
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2013, 5(5), 1789-1805; doi:10.3390/su5051789

Growing Green and Competitive—A Case Study of a Swedish Pulp Mill

History of Technology Unit, Luleå University of Technology, SE 971 87 Luleå, Sweden
Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, SE 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2013 / Revised: 4 April 2013 / Accepted: 22 April 2013 / Published: 29 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Business: Opportunities and Challenges for Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [674 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]


The experiences of past efforts of industrial pollution control while maintaining competitiveness should be of great value to research and policy practice addressing sustainability issues today. In this article, we analyze the environmental adaptation of the Swedish pulp industry during the period 1970–1990 as illustrated by the sulfite pulp producer Domsjö mill. We investigate how this company managed to adapt to heavy transformation pressure from increasing international competition in combination with strict national environmental regulations during the 1960s to the early 1990s. In line with the so-called Porter hypothesis, the company was able to coordinate the problems that were environmental in nature with activities aiming at production efficiency goals and the development of new products. Swedish environmental agencies and legislation facilitated this “win-win” situation by a flexible but still challenging regulatory approach towards the company. From the early 1990s and onwards, the greening of the pulp industry was also a result of increased market pressure for green paper products.
Keywords: pulp and paper; porter hypothesis; Sweden; history pulp and paper; porter hypothesis; Sweden; history
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Söderholm, K.; Bergquist, A.-K. Growing Green and Competitive—A Case Study of a Swedish Pulp Mill. Sustainability 2013, 5, 1789-1805.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top