Next Article in Journal
Fatty Acid and Phytosterol Content of Commercial Saw Palmetto Supplements
Next Article in Special Issue
Molecular Link between Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention
Previous Article in Journal
Acute Effects of Different Multivitamin Mineral Preparations with and without Guaran√° on Mood, Cognitive Performance and Functional Brain Activation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Vitamin D Intake and Risk of Type 1 Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Nutrients 2013, 5(9), 3605-3616; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu5093605

Vitamin D: Deficiency, Sufficiency and Toxicity

1
Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh 14611, Saudi Arabia
2
Specialized Diabetes and Endocrine Center, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh 59046, Saudi Arabia
3
Faculty of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 22490, Saudi Arabia
4
Prince Mutaib Chair for Biomarkers of Osteoporosis, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 May 2013 / Revised: 21 August 2013 / Accepted: 27 August 2013 / Published: 13 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [180 KB, uploaded 13 September 2013]

Abstract

The plethora of vitamin D studies over the recent years highlight the pleomorphic effects of vitamin D outside its conventional role in calcium and bone homeostasis. Vitamin D deficiency, though common and known, still faces several challenges among the medical community in terms of proper diagnosis and correction. In this review, the different levels of vitamin D and its clinical implications are highlighted. Recommendations and consensuses for the appropriate dose and duration for each vitamin D status are also emphasized. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D; vitamin D deficiency; vitamin D toxicity vitamin D; vitamin D deficiency; vitamin D toxicity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Alshahrani, F.; Aljohani, N. Vitamin D: Deficiency, Sufficiency and Toxicity. Nutrients 2013, 5, 3605-3616.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top