Importance of Dietary Sources of Iron in Infants and Toddlers: Lessons from the FITS Study
AbstractIron deficiency (ID) affects 13.5% of 1–2 years old children in the US and may have a negative impact on neurodevelopment and behavior. Iron-fortified infant cereal is the primary non-heme iron source among infants aged 6–11.9 months. The objective of this study was to compare iron intakes of infant cereal users with non-users. Data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2008 were used for this analysis. Based on a 24-h recall, children between the ages of 4–17.9 months were classified as ‘cereal users’ if they consumed any amount or type of infant cereal and ‘non-users’ if they did not. Infant cereal was the top source of dietary iron among infants aged 6–11.9 months. The majority of infants (74.6%) aged 6–8.9 months consumed infant cereal, but this declined to 51.5% between 9–11.9 months and 14.8% among 12–17.9 months old toddlers. Infant cereal users consumed significantly more iron than non-users across all age groups. Infants and toddlers who consume infant cereal have higher iron intakes compared to non-users. Given the high prevalence of ID, the appropriate use of infant cereals in a balanced diet should be encouraged to reduce the incidence of ID and ID anemia. View Full-Text
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Finn, K.; Callen, C.; Bhatia, J.; Reidy, K.; Bechard, L.J.; Carvalho, R. Importance of Dietary Sources of Iron in Infants and Toddlers: Lessons from the FITS Study. Nutrients 2017, 9, 733.
Finn K, Callen C, Bhatia J, Reidy K, Bechard LJ, Carvalho R. Importance of Dietary Sources of Iron in Infants and Toddlers: Lessons from the FITS Study. Nutrients. 2017; 9(7):733.Chicago/Turabian Style
Finn, Kristen; Callen, Cheryl; Bhatia, Jatinder; Reidy, Kathleen; Bechard, Lori J.; Carvalho, Ryan. 2017. "Importance of Dietary Sources of Iron in Infants and Toddlers: Lessons from the FITS Study." Nutrients 9, no. 7: 733.
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