Next Article in Journal
Serine Protease Autotransporters of Enterobacteriaceae (SPATEs): Biogenesis and Function
Next Article in Special Issue
Synthetic α-Conotoxin Mutants as Probes for Studying Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors and in the Development of Novel Drug Leads
Previous Article in Journal
Exfoliative Toxins of Staphylococcus aureus
Previous Article in Special Issue
AIP56: A Novel Bacterial Apoptogenic Toxin
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Toxins 2010, 2(5), 1166-1178; doi:10.3390/toxins2051166

Comparative Study of Various Immune Parameters in Three Bivalve Species during a Natural Bloom of Dinophysis acuminata in Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

1
Laboratório de Imunologia Aplicada à Aquicultura, Departamento de Biologia Celular Embriologia e Genética, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil
2
Centro de Ciências Tecnológicas da Terra e do Mar, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 April 2010 / Revised: 7 May 2010 / Accepted: 18 May 2010 / Published: 25 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toxins from Aquatic Organisms)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [602 KB, 25 May 2010; original version 25 May 2010]   |  

Abstract

This study aimed to verify if Dinophysis acuminata natural blooms affected the immune system of three bivalves: the oyster, Crassostrea gigas, the mussel, Perna perna, and the clam, Anomalocardia brasiliana. Animals were obtained from a renowned mariculture farm in the southern bay of Santa Catarina Island during, and 30 days after (controls), an algal bloom. Various immunological parameters were assessed in the hemolymph of the animals: total and differential hemocyte counts, percentage of apoptotic hemocytes, protein concentration, hemagglutinating titer and phenoloxidase activity. The results showed that the mussel was the most affected species, with several altered immune parameters, whereas the immunological profile of clams and oysters was partially and completely unaffected, respectively.
Keywords: harmful algal bloom; Dinophysis acuminata; bivalves; immune parameters; Crassostrea gigas; Perna perna; Anomalocardia brasiliana harmful algal bloom; Dinophysis acuminata; bivalves; immune parameters; Crassostrea gigas; Perna perna; Anomalocardia brasiliana
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mello, D.F.; Proença, L.A.O.; Barracco, M.A. Comparative Study of Various Immune Parameters in Three Bivalve Species during a Natural Bloom of Dinophysis acuminata in Santa Catarina Island, Brazil. Toxins 2010, 2, 1166-1178.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top