Next Article in Journal
Framing Scenarios of Binational Water Policy with a Tool to Visualize, Quantify and Valuate Changes in Ecosystem Services
Previous Article in Journal
On the Vulnerability of Water Limited Ecosystems to Climate Change
Water 2013, 5(2), 834-851; doi:10.3390/w5020834

Comparing Two Operating Configurations in a Full-Scale Arsenic Removal Plant. Case Study: Guatemala

1,* , 1
1 Water Treatment and Quality Department, Mexican Institute of Water Technology (IMTA), Paseo Cuauhnáhuac 8532, Col Progreso, Jiutepec C.P.62550, Mexico 2 Azul Company, 16 Calle 9-60, Condado El Naranjo, Mixco, Guatemala 3 ECO-TEC Company, Carretera a El Salvador km 26.5. Cruce a Santa Elena Barilas, Guatemala City, Guatemala
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 April 2013 / Revised: 24 May 2013 / Accepted: 29 May 2013 / Published: 21 June 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [582 KB, uploaded 9 June 2015]   |   Browse Figures


The present study was conducted in Naranjo County located in the municipality of Mixco, Guatemala. The water supply source comes from two wells with a maximum flow of 25.24 and 33.44 L·s−1. The main problem with this source is the high arsenic concentration—between 0.1341 and 0.1671 mg·L−1. The aim of this study was to conduct laboratory tests, basic engineering and supervision of the construction and evaluation of an operations plant using two configurations, A (low-rate sedimentation and ceramic filter) and B (high-rate sedimentation and clinoptilolite filter), to remove arsenic present in water for human use and consumption. This plant supplies water to Naranjo County in Mixco, Guatemala (5000 inhabitants). First, a laboratory Jar Test was performed to evaluate arsenic removal efficiency. And second, a conventional clarification plant was then built (design flow: 25.24 L·s−1). The best results were achieved with configuration B, with the following reagents and dosage as defined by the laboratory tests: 10 mg L−1 ferric chloride as coagulant; 1.8 mg·L−1 CH-polyfocal as flocculant and 0.4 mg L−1 MIT03 as color removal; 1 mg L−1 sodium hypochlorite as oxidant and adjusting pH to ≈7.0 with sodium hydroxide. Once the plant began operating, the efficiency of the treatment process was evaluated. The maximum elimination efficiencies were obtained 100% for turbidity (0 UTN), 89.54% (3.66 UPt-Co) for color and 96.80% (0.005 mg L−1) for arsenic, values that comply with Guatemalan standards. For this case, the relation between Fe(III) dosage/mg and As(V) removal was 1:46.
Keywords: arsenic removal; media filters; treatment plant; water supply arsenic removal; media filters; treatment plant; water supply
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Garrido Hoyos, S.E.; Avilés Flores, M.; Ramírez Gonzalez, A.; Grajeda Fajardo, C.; Cardoso Zoloeta, S.; Velásquez Orozco, H. Comparing Two Operating Configurations in a Full-Scale Arsenic Removal Plant. Case Study: Guatemala. Water 2013, 5, 834-851.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert