e: To evaluate the intra-/interobserver agreement of the visual interpretation of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of pancreatic head lesions and its concordance with the histological test results. Material and Methods
: Two observers (A + B) evaluated by simple visual interpretation 40 consecutive CEUS examinations of pancreatic head lesions and one of the observers evaluated the examinations twice (A1 + A2). The examinations were evaluated according to the criteria outlined in EFSUMB guidelines. The two experienced observers were blinded to histological evidence and clinical information of tumor type and to each other’s results. Results
: The kappa value for the intraobserver evaluation between observer A1 and A2 was 0.89, equating to almost perfect agreement. The kappa value for the interobserver evaluation between observer A1 and B was 0.76 and between observer A2 and B it was 0.75, both equating to substantial agreement. Evaluation of the visual interpretation compared to the histological test result showed a positive predictive value for A1, A2 and B versus
biopsy of 97%, 94% and 90% respectively and an accuracy of 83%, 88% and 73% respectively. Conclusions
: Visual interpretation for assessment of contrast enhancement of pancreatic head lesions seemed to be an accurate method with reproducible results and good concordance with the histological test results.