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Membranes 2012, 2(4), 804-840; doi:10.3390/membranes2040804

Biofouling of Water Treatment Membranes: A Review of the Underlying Causes, Monitoring Techniques and Control Measures

School of Civil, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Water: Effective Technologies and Tools (WETT) Centre, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC. 3001, Australia
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Received: 3 August 2012 / Revised: 2 November 2012 / Accepted: 5 November 2012 / Published: 21 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes in Water Purification)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [278 KB, uploaded 21 November 2012]

Abstract

Biofouling is a critical issue in membrane water and wastewater treatment as it greatly compromises the efficiency of the treatment processes. It is difficult to control, and significant economic resources have been dedicated to the development of effective biofouling monitoring and control strategies. This paper highlights the underlying causes of membrane biofouling and provides a review on recent developments of potential monitoring and control methods in water and wastewater treatment with the aim of identifying the remaining issues and challenges in this area.
Keywords: membrane biofouling; biofilm; extracellular polymeric substances; biofouling control; biofouling monitoring membrane biofouling; biofilm; extracellular polymeric substances; biofouling control; biofouling monitoring
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, T.; Roddick, F.A.; Fan, L. Biofouling of Water Treatment Membranes: A Review of the Underlying Causes, Monitoring Techniques and Control Measures. Membranes 2012, 2, 804-840.

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