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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(3), 561; doi:10.3390/ijms18030561

Microglial Function across the Spectrum of Age and Gender

Department of Pharmacological Sciences, Stony Brook University, NY 11794-8651, USA
Academic Editor: Kurt A. Jellinger
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 26 February 2017 / Accepted: 1 March 2017 / Published: 4 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microglia in Aging and Neurodegenerative Disease)
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Abstract

Microglia constitute the resident immunocompetent cells of the central nervous system. Although much work has focused on their ability to mount an inflammatory response in reaction to pathology, recent studies have delved into their role in maintaining homeostasis in the healthy brain. It is important to note that the function of these cells is more complex than originally conceived, as there is increasing evidence that microglial responses can vary greatly among individuals. Here, this review will describe the changing behavior of microglia from development and birth through to the aged brain. Further, it is not only age that impacts the state of the neuroimmune milieu, as microglia have been shown to play a central role in the sexual differentiation of the brain. Finally, this review will discuss the implications this has for the differences in the incidence of neurodegenerative disorders between males and females, and between the young and old. View Full-Text
Keywords: microglia; aging; gender; neurodegeneration; Alzheimer’s disease microglia; aging; gender; neurodegeneration; Alzheimer’s disease
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nissen, J.C. Microglial Function across the Spectrum of Age and Gender. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 561.

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