Review on Copper and Palladium Based Catalysts for Methanol Steam Reforming to Produce Hydrogen
AbstractMethanol steam reforming is a promising technology for producing hydrogen for onboard fuel cell applications. The methanol conversion rate and the contents of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in the reformate, significantly depend on the reforming catalyst. Copper-based catalysts and palladium-based catalysts can effectively convert methanol into hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Copper and palladium-based catalysts with different formulations and compositions have been thoroughly investigated in the literature. This work summarized the development of the two groups of catalysts for methanol steam reforming. Interactions between the activity components and the supports as well as the effects of different promoters were discussed. Compositional and morphological characteristics, along with the methanol steam reforming performances of different Cu/ZnO and Pd/ZnO catalysts promoted by Al2O3, CeO2, ZrO2 or other metal oxides, were reviewed and compared. Moreover, the reaction mechanism of methanol steam reforming over the copper based and palladium based catalysts were discussed. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Xu, X.; Shuai, K.; Xu, B. Review on Copper and Palladium Based Catalysts for Methanol Steam Reforming to Produce Hydrogen. Catalysts 2017, 7, 183.
Xu X, Shuai K, Xu B. Review on Copper and Palladium Based Catalysts for Methanol Steam Reforming to Produce Hydrogen. Catalysts. 2017; 7(6):183.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Xinhai; Shuai, Kaipeng; Xu, Ben. 2017. "Review on Copper and Palladium Based Catalysts for Methanol Steam Reforming to Produce Hydrogen." Catalysts 7, no. 6: 183.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.