Functionalization of SSZ-13 and Fe-Beta with Copper by NH3 and NO Facilitated Solid-State Ion-Exchange
Competence Centre for Catalysis, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2017 / Revised: 24 July 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 8 August 2017
We show that functionalization of SSZ-13 (CHA) and Fe-beta (*BEA) with copper using a recently reported solid-state ion-exchange method, facilitated by NH
and nitrogen oxides (NO), is a viable route to prepare Cu-SSZ-13 and (Cu + Fe)-beta catalysts, starting from H-SSZ-13 and Fe-beta, respectively. The physicochemical properties of the prepared catalysts are characterized by XRD, UV-Vis-spectroscopy and STEM-EDS, confirming that copper originally present in the physical mixture of CuO and H-SSZ-13, and CuO and Fe-beta, is inserted into the micropores of SSZ-13 and Fe-beta, respectively. Activity measurements in gas-flow reactor show that the samples are active for NO reduction by NH
-SCR over a broad temperature range, i.e., 150–500
C. For the Cu-SSZ-13 catalysts, which have a copper loading range of 0.5–4 wt. %, the sample prepared from the physical mixture with a CuO/SSZ-13 ratio corresponding to 2 wt. % Cu is the most active catalyst for NH
-SCR under the present reaction conditions. Furthermore, the (Cu + Fe)-beta catalyst shows higher NH
-SCR activity over a broader temperature range and especially at low temperature as compared to the Fe-beta and Cu-beta counterparts. The results encourage further elaboration on sequential ion-exchange procedures for bimetallic functionalization of zeolites.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style
Shishkin, A.; Shwan, S.; Pingel, T.N.; Olsson, E.; Clemens, A.; Carlsson, P.-A.; Härelind, H.; Skoglundh, M. Functionalization of SSZ-13 and Fe-Beta with Copper by NH3 and NO Facilitated Solid-State Ion-Exchange. Catalysts 2017, 7, 232.
Shishkin A, Shwan S, Pingel TN, Olsson E, Clemens A, Carlsson P-A, Härelind H, Skoglundh M. Functionalization of SSZ-13 and Fe-Beta with Copper by NH3 and NO Facilitated Solid-State Ion-Exchange. Catalysts. 2017; 7(8):232.
Shishkin, Alexander; Shwan, Soran; Pingel, Torben N.; Olsson, Eva; Clemens, Anna; Carlsson, Per-Anders; Härelind, Hanna; Skoglundh, Magnus. 2017. "Functionalization of SSZ-13 and Fe-Beta with Copper by NH3 and NO Facilitated Solid-State Ion-Exchange." Catalysts 7, no. 8: 232.
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