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Metals 2017, 7(3), 88; doi:10.3390/met7030088

Fatigue and Fracture Resistance of Heavy-Section Ferritic Ductile Cast Iron

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Trento, 38122 Trento, Italy
2
Fonderie Ariotti S.p.A., 25030 Adro BS, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Filippo Berto
Received: 15 February 2017 / Revised: 1 March 2017 / Accepted: 6 March 2017 / Published: 10 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fatigue Damage)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5750 KB, uploaded 10 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, we explore the effect of a long solidification time (12 h) on the mechanical properties of an EN-GJS-400-type ferritic ductile cast iron (DCI). For this purpose, static tensile, rotating bending fatigue, fatigue crack growth and fracture toughness tests are carried out on specimens extracted from the same casting. The obtained results are compared with those of similar materials published in the technical literature. Moreover, the discussion is complemented with metallurgical and fractographic analyses. It has been found that the long solidification time, representative of conditions arising in heavy-section castings, leads to an overgrowth of the graphite nodules and a partial degeneration into chunky graphite. With respect to minimum values prescribed for thick-walled (t > 60 mm) EN-GJS-400-15, the reduction in tensile strength and total elongation is equal to 20% and 75%, respectively. The rotating bending fatigue limit is reduced by 30% with respect to the standard EN-1563, reporting the results of fatigue tests employing laboratory samples extracted from thin-walled castings. Conversely, the resistance to fatigue crack growth is even superior and the fracture toughness comparable to that of conventional DCI. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy-section ductile cast iron; chunky graphite; fatigue limit; fatigue crack growth resistance; fracture toughness heavy-section ductile cast iron; chunky graphite; fatigue limit; fatigue crack growth resistance; fracture toughness
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Benedetti, M.; Torresani, E.; Fontanari, V.; Lusuardi, D. Fatigue and Fracture Resistance of Heavy-Section Ferritic Ductile Cast Iron. Metals 2017, 7, 88.

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