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Metals 2018, 8(1), 51; doi:10.3390/met8010051

Influence of Extrusion Temperature on the Aging Behavior and Mechanical Properties of an AA6060 Aluminum Alloy

Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Erfenschlager Str. 73, 09125 Chemnitz, Germany
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Received: 12 December 2017 / Revised: 3 January 2018 / Accepted: 9 January 2018 / Published: 12 January 2018
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Abstract

Processing of AA6060 aluminum alloys for semi-products usually includes hot extrusion with subsequent artificial aging for several hours. Processing below the recrystallization temperature allows for an increased strength at a significantly reduced annealing time by combining strain hardening and precipitation hardening. In this study, we investigate the potential of cold and warm extrusion as alternative processing routes for high strength aluminum semi-products. Cast billets of the age hardening aluminum alloy AA6060 were solution annealed and then extruded at room temperature, 120 or 170 °C, followed by an aging treatment. Electron microscopy and mechanical testing were performed on the as-extruded as well as the annealed materials to characterize the resulting microstructural features and mechanical properties. All of the extruded profiles exhibit similar, strongly graded microstructures. The strain gradients and the varying extrusion temperatures lead to different stages of dynamic precipitation in the as-extruded materials, which significantly alter the subsequent aging behavior and mechanical properties. The experimental results demonstrate that extrusion below recrystallization temperature allows for high strength at a massively reduced aging time due to dynamic precipitation and/or accelerated precipitation kinetics. The highest strength and ductility were achieved by extrusion at 120 °C and subsequent short-time aging. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum alloy; cold extrusion; warm extrusion; severe plastic deformation (SPD); dynamic aging; precipitation hardening aluminum alloy; cold extrusion; warm extrusion; severe plastic deformation (SPD); dynamic aging; precipitation hardening
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Berndt, N.; Frint, P.; Wagner, M.F.-X. Influence of Extrusion Temperature on the Aging Behavior and Mechanical Properties of an AA6060 Aluminum Alloy. Metals 2018, 8, 51.

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