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Adm. Sci., Volume 1, Issue 1 (December 2011), Pages 1-55

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Editorial

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Open AccessEditorial Administrative Sciences: An International Journal on the Science of Administration
Adm. Sci. 2011, 1(1), 1-2; doi:10.3390/admsci1010001
Received: 4 October 2010 / Accepted: 12 October 2010 / Published: 12 October 2010
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Abstract
In the past thirty years, academic work in the field of business has evolved from an applied field to a theoretically grounded, rigorous, scientific field of inquiry garnering the attention of high-quality academics from the fields of psychology, sociology, economics, and political science
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In the past thirty years, academic work in the field of business has evolved from an applied field to a theoretically grounded, rigorous, scientific field of inquiry garnering the attention of high-quality academics from the fields of psychology, sociology, economics, and political science and many others. In this time the social science of administration has developed into a multi-faceted field with theoretical and empirical lenses too numerous to mention. With this development has come the need for innovations in scholarly publication in this area, one of these being the introduction of our new journal, Administrative Sciences. [...] Full article

Research

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Open AccessArticle Intra-Group Conflict and Teamwork Quality: The Moderating Role of Leadership Styles
Adm. Sci. 2011, 1(1), 3-13; doi:10.3390/admsci1010003
Received: 12 February 2011 / Revised: 18 March 2011 / Accepted: 23 March 2011 / Published: 29 March 2011
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (209 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The study examines the extent to which task and relations oriented leadership moderate the impact of task and relationship conflict on teamwork quality. In a sample of 37 teams, the study shows that relationship oriented leadership is beneficial for dealing with relationship conflict,
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The study examines the extent to which task and relations oriented leadership moderate the impact of task and relationship conflict on teamwork quality. In a sample of 37 teams, the study shows that relationship oriented leadership is beneficial for dealing with relationship conflict, but it does not have the expected positive interaction effect with task conflict. The main practical implication of the results is that in order to mitigate the negative effects of intra-group conflict on teamwork quality the leadership style should fit the type of disagreement (task versus relational) predominantly experienced by the teams. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Teamwork and Leadership in Organizations)
Open AccessArticle Creating High Reliability Teams in Healthcare through In situ Simulation Training
Adm. Sci. 2011, 1(1), 14-31; doi:10.3390/admsci1010014
Received: 4 May 2011 / Revised: 20 June 2011 / Accepted: 4 July 2011 / Published: 19 July 2011
Cited by 7 | PDF Full-text (299 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The importance of teamwork on patient safety in healthcare has been well established. However, the theory and research of healthcare teams are seriously lacking in clinical application. While conventional team theory assumes that teams are stable and leadership is constant, a growing body
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The importance of teamwork on patient safety in healthcare has been well established. However, the theory and research of healthcare teams are seriously lacking in clinical application. While conventional team theory assumes that teams are stable and leadership is constant, a growing body of evidence indicates that most healthcare teams are unstable and lack constant leadership. For healthcare organizations to reduce error and ensure patient safety, the true nature of healthcare teams must be better understood. This study presents a taxonomy of healthcare teams and the determinants of high reliability in healthcare teams based on a series of studies undertaken over a five-year period (2005–2010). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Teamwork and Leadership in Organizations)
Open AccessArticle Socio-Statistical Research on the Internalization of European Administrative Space Principles in the Romanian Public Administration
Adm. Sci. 2011, 1(1), 45-55; doi:10.3390/admsci1010045
Received: 11 October 2011 / Accepted: 23 November 2011 / Published: 1 December 2011
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Abstract
The authors propose an analysis of the public administration reform in Romania by assessing whether the Romanian civil servants perform their duties according to the regulations of the European Administrative Space. The paper offers a socio-statistic perspective on the internalization of the European
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The authors propose an analysis of the public administration reform in Romania by assessing whether the Romanian civil servants perform their duties according to the regulations of the European Administrative Space. The paper offers a socio-statistic perspective on the internalization of the European Administrative Space principles, namely, the rule of law, openness towards citizens, and public administration responsibility in a Romanian context, after the European Union accession. Designed within the framework of modern theories of organizational sociology that see internalization as a process of organizational learning and change, and using a relevant sample of Romanian civil servants, the paper offers important and useful results for the future Romanian policies and strategies in an integrated European arena. Full article

Other

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Open AccessCommentary Leprosy: International Public Health Policies and Public Health Eras
Adm. Sci. 2011, 1(1), 32-44; doi:10.3390/admsci1010032
Received: 17 July 2011 / Revised: 2 September 2011 / Accepted: 20 September 2011 / Published: 26 September 2011
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Abstract
Public health policies continue to play important roles in national and international health reforms. However, the influence and legacies of the public health eras during which such policies are formulated remain largely underappreciated. The limited appreciation of this relationship may hinder consistent adoption
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Public health policies continue to play important roles in national and international health reforms. However, the influence and legacies of the public health eras during which such policies are formulated remain largely underappreciated. The limited appreciation of this relationship may hinder consistent adoption of public health policies by nation-states, and encumber disinvestment from ineffective or anachronistic policies. This article reviews seven public health eras and highlights how each era has influenced international policy formulation for leprosy control—“the fertile soil for policy learning”. The author reiterates the role of health leadership and health activism in facilitating consistency in international health policy formulation and implementation for leprosy control. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health Policy: An International Perspective)

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