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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(8), 1340; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8081340

A New Passive Islanding Detection Solution Based on Accumulated Phase Angle Drift

1,2
and
1,*
1
College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
2
Smart Protection and Control, Schneider-Electric (China) Co. Ltd., Shanghai 201203, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2018 / Revised: 25 July 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Distribution Network)
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Abstract

The existing passive methods for islanding detection are mainly based on the detection of voltage and frequency deviation after islanding, using protections such as voltage vector shift (VVS) and rate of change of frequency (ROCOF). Although there are reported issues with these passive methods such as inherent non-detection zones and nuisance trips, utilities prefer the passive methods due to the low cost and simplicity of deployment. In this paper, one composite passive islanding detection method is presented. It tracks the voltage phase angle, the system frequency, and ROCOF every power cycle. If three phase voltage vectors shift in the same direction and the rotated angle values are balanced, the calculation of the accumulated phase angle drift (PAD) will be initiated. This calculation continues until the ROCOF measurement is below the ROCOF setting threshold. If the accumulated phase angle drift reaches the set angle threshold, the condition for islanding is claimed. The performance of this composite method is verified under different scenarios based on Matlab Simscape multidomain physical systems and practical waveforms recorded from sites. Although there are still non-detection zones, this composite PAD solution has better sensitivity than existing VVS and ROCOF methods and is stable under external system faults. View Full-Text
Keywords: islanding detection; loss of main protection; voltage vector shift; rate of change of frequency islanding detection; loss of main protection; voltage vector shift; rate of change of frequency
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Xing, J.; Mu, L. A New Passive Islanding Detection Solution Based on Accumulated Phase Angle Drift. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1340.

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