Investigation of Sub-100 nm Gold Nanoparticles for Laser-Induced Thermotherapy of Cancer
AbstractSpecialized gold nanostructures are of interest for the development of alternative treatment methods in medicine. Photothermal therapy combined with gene therapy that supports hyperthermia is proposed as a novel multimodal treatment method for prostate cancer. In this work, photothermal therapy using small (<100 nm) gold nanoparticles and near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation combined with gene therapy targeting heat shock protein (HSP) 27 was investigated. A series of nanoparticles: nanoshells, nanorods, core-corona nanoparticles and hollow nanoshells, were synthesized and examined to compare their properties and suitability as photothermal agents. In vitro cellular uptake studies of the nanoparticles into prostate cancer cell lines were performed using light scattering microscopy to provide three-dimensional (3D) imaging. Small gold nanoshells (40 nm) displayed the greatest cellular uptake of the nanoparticles studied and were used in photothermal studies. Photothermal treatment of the cancer cell lines with laser irradiation at 800 nm at 4 W on a spot size of 4 mm (FWHM) for 6 or 10 min resulted in an increase in temperature of ~12 °C and decrease in cell viability of up to 70%. However, in vitro studies combining photothermal therapy with gene therapy targeting HSP27 did not result in additional sensitization of the prostate cancer cells to hyperthermia.
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Leung, J.P.; Wu, S.; Chou, K.C.; Signorell, R. Investigation of Sub-100 nm Gold Nanoparticles for Laser-Induced Thermotherapy of Cancer. Nanomaterials 2013, 3, 86-106.
Leung JP, Wu S, Chou KC, Signorell R. Investigation of Sub-100 nm Gold Nanoparticles for Laser-Induced Thermotherapy of Cancer. Nanomaterials. 2013; 3(1):86-106.Chicago/Turabian Style
Leung, Jennifer P.; Wu, Sherry; Chou, Keng C.; Signorell, Ruth. 2013. "Investigation of Sub-100 nm Gold Nanoparticles for Laser-Induced Thermotherapy of Cancer." Nanomaterials 3, no. 1: 86-106.