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Resources 2013, 2(2), 128-150; doi:10.3390/resources2020128

Services Evolution of Two Groundwater Dependent Wetland Ecosystems in the “Mancha Húmeda” Biosphere Reserve (Spain)

1
IGME-Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Geological Survey of Spain, Ríos Rosas 23, Madrid 28003, Spain
2
Department of Geodynamics, Faculty of Geological Sciences, Complutense University, José Antonio Novais 2, Madrid 28040, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 April 2013 / Revised: 4 June 2013 / Accepted: 13 June 2013 / Published: 21 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecosystem Service Valuation, Its Measurement and Uses)
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Abstract

A wetland that does not comply with the ecological standards of EU Directive 2000/60/EC cannot properly provide its services. This paper presents a review of the criteria for wetland assessment based on the Spanish experience in two specific Ramsar areas: the Tablas de Daimiel and the Ruidera Lakes. The aim of this article is to consider and promote a holistic awareness of the hydrological cycle and of the wetland area ecosystems within it. The methodology developed under the umbrella of the UNESCO project IGCP 604 is applied to describe the groundwater-wetland-human interrelationship. This methodology was chosen for two reasons: (a) it is designed to assess the services the wetlands provide; (b) it focuses on groundwater dependent wetlands such as the two cases presented here. In each case, although to a different extent, agricultural activities and water management have led to important changes in the services provided by the two ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater dependent wetland; Ramsar; Ruidera Lakes; Spain; Tablas de Daimiel; wetland ecosystem services groundwater dependent wetland; Ramsar; Ruidera Lakes; Spain; Tablas de Daimiel; wetland ecosystem services
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

de la Hera, Á.; Villarroya, F. Services Evolution of Two Groundwater Dependent Wetland Ecosystems in the “Mancha Húmeda” Biosphere Reserve (Spain). Resources 2013, 2, 128-150.

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