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J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2013, 2(1), 25-45; doi:10.3390/jsan2010025

Detour Path Angular Information Based Range-Free Localization in Wireless Sensor Network

Graduate School of Global Information and Telecommunication Studies, Waseda University, 1-3-10 Nishi-Waseda, Shinjuku-ku 169-0051, Tokyo, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2012 / Revised: 4 January 2013 / Accepted: 8 January 2013 / Published: 17 January 2013
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Range-free localization algorithm continues to be an important and challenging research topic in anisotropic Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Designing range-free localization algorithms without considering obstacles or holes inside the network area does not reflect the real world conditions. In this paper, we have proposed Detour Path Angular Information (DPAI) based sensor localization algorithm to accurately estimate the distance between an anchor node and a sensor node. We utilized the Euclidean distance and transmission path distance among anchor nodes to calculate the angle of the transmission path between them one by one. Then the estimated hop distance is adjusted by the angle between the anchor pairs. Based on the angle of the detoured path (which is the key factor for accuracy), our algorithm determines whether the path is straight or detoured by anisotropic factors. Our proposed algorithm does not require any global knowledge of network topology to tolerate the network anisotropy nor require high sensor node density for satisfactory localization accuracy. Extensive simulations are performed and the results are observed to be in good agreement with the theoretical analysis. DPAI achieved average sensor localization accuracy better than 0.3r in isotropic network and 0.35r in anisotropic network when the sensor density is above 8.
Keywords: angular information; range-free localization; detour path; anisotropic network angular information; range-free localization; detour path; anisotropic network

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Paul, A.K.; Sato, T. Detour Path Angular Information Based Range-Free Localization in Wireless Sensor Network. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2013, 2, 25-45.

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