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Special Issue "The Future for Cellulose Nanomaterials"

A special issue of Molecules (ISSN 1420-3049).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 May 2018)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Youssef Habibi

Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Esch-sur-Alzette L-4362, Luxembourg
Website | E-Mail
Interests: polysaccharides; biomaterials; green chemistry; biofillers; sustainability
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Qinglin Wu

School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Ag Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: composites; polymer; engineering; nanomaterial; cellulose; wood

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nanocelluloses have attracted tremendous interest among the scientific and industrial communities for their outstanding properties, amenable for a wide range of highly-sophisticated applications. Nowadays, nanocellulose technology is evolving from a laboratory bench-scale process to industrialized production, and this trend is does not seem to wane and production and utilization will continue to grow rapidly. However, large-volume production of nanocellulose has yet to be developed, mainly due to the high costs resulting from the lack of cost-effective and green processing technologies in the manufacturing of nanocellulose. On other hand, applications are still limited to niche markets, impeded by the unavailability of standard nanocellulose products and also by technological issues related to the processing of nanocellulose-based materials. In this Special Issue, we invite manuscripts aiming to provide insights on the understanding of the science and/or industrial processes for the production, fine-tuning of inherent properties and the use of cellulosic nanomaterials in emerging commercial markets.

We are open to a broad range of topics including, but not limited to, the following:

  • Application-oriented reviews
  • Green processes and/or cost effective processes for manufacturing of cellulose nanomaterials
  • Cellulose nanomaterial dewatering and chemical modification approaches
  • New/novel composites and materials containing cellulose nanomaterials
  • Energy and economic analysis of cellulose nanomaterial production
  • Environmental health and safety analysis for using cellulose nanomaterial

Dr. Youssef Habibi
Prof. Dr. Qinglin Wu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Molecules is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle A General Aqueous Silanization Protocol to Introduce Vinyl, Mercapto or Azido Functionalities onto Cellulose Fibers and Nanocelluloses
Molecules 2018, 23(6), 1427; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23061427
Received: 16 May 2018 / Revised: 4 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 12 June 2018
PDF Full-text (3507 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
The effective and straight-forward modification of nanostructured celluloses under aqueous conditions or as “never-dried” materials is challenging. We report a silanization protocol in water using catalytic amounts of hydrogen chloride and then sodium hydroxide in a two-step protocol. The acidic step hydrolyzes the
[...] Read more.
The effective and straight-forward modification of nanostructured celluloses under aqueous conditions or as “never-dried” materials is challenging. We report a silanization protocol in water using catalytic amounts of hydrogen chloride and then sodium hydroxide in a two-step protocol. The acidic step hydrolyzes the alkoxysilane to obtain water-soluble silanols and the subsequent addition of catalytic amounts of NaOH induces a covalent reaction between cellulose surficial hydroxyl groups and the respective silanols. The developed protocol enables the incorporation of vinyl, thiol, and azido groups onto cellulose fibers and cellulose nanofibrils. In contrast to conventional methods, no curing or solvent-exchange is necessary, thereby the functionalized celluloses remain never-dried, and no agglomeration or hornification occurs in the process. The successful modification was proven by solid state NMR, ATR-IR, and EDX spectroscopy. In addition, the covalent nature of this bonding was shown by gel permeation chromatography of polyethylene glycol grafted nanofibrils. By varying the amount of silane agents or the reaction time, the silane loading could be tuned up to an amount of 1.2 mmol/g. Multifunctional materials were obtained either by prior carboxymethylation and subsequent silanization; or by simultaneously incorporating both vinyl and azido groups. The protocol reported here is an easy, general, and straight-forward avenue for introduction of anchor groups onto the surface of never-dried celluloses, ready for click chemistry post-modification, to obtain multifunctional cellulose substrates for high-value applications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future for Cellulose Nanomaterials)

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