Special Issue "Feature Papers"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2014)
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Title:Inhibition of Histone Deacetylation and DNA Methylation Improves Gene Expression Mediated by the Adeno-associated Virus/phage in Cancer Cells
Authors: Amin Hajitou
Affiliation: Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, 160 Du Cane Road, London W12 0N, United Kingdom; Tel: 02075946546; E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract: Bacteriophage (phage), viruses that infect bacteria only, have become promising vectors for targeted systemic delivery of genes to cancer, although with poor efficiency. We previously designed an improved phage vector by incorporating cis genetic elements of adeno-associated virus (AAV). This novel AAV/phage hybrid (AAVP) specifically targeted systemic delivery of therapeutic genes into tumors. To advance the AAVP vector, we recently introduced the stress-inducible Grp78 tumor specific promoter and found that this dual tumor-targeted AAVP provides persistent gene expression, overtime, in cancer cells compared to silenced gene expression from the CMV promoter in the parental AAVP. Herein, we investigated the effect of histone deacetylation and DNA methylation on AAVP-mediated gene expression in cancer cells and explored the effect of cell confluence state on AAVP gene expression efficacy. Using a combination of AAVP expressing the GFP reporter gene, flow cytometry, inhibitors of histone deacetylation and DNA methylation, we have demonstrated that histone deacetylation and DNA methylation are associated with silencing of gene expression from the CMV promoter in the parental AAVP. Importantly, inhibitors of histone deacetylases boost gene expression in cancer cells from the Grp78 promoter in the dual tumor-targeted AAVP. However, cell confluence had no effect on AAVP-guided gene expression.Our findings prove that combination of histone deacetylase inhibitor drugs with the Grp78 promoter is an effective approach to improve AAVP‑mediated gene expression in cancer cells and should be considered for AAVP-based clinical cancer gene therapy.