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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(9), 11593-11609; doi:10.3390/ijms130911593

Use of Biotinylated Ubiquitin for Analysis of Rat Brain Mitochondrial Proteome and Interactome

Orekhovich Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, 10 Pogodinskaya street, Moscow 119121, Russia
Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2012 / Revised: 22 August 2012 / Accepted: 3 September 2012 / Published: 14 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Proteomic Research)
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Applicability of in vitro biotinylated ubiquitin for evaluation of endogenous ubiquitin conjugation and analysis of ubiquitin-associated protein-protein interactions has been investigated. Incubation of rat brain mitochondria with biotinylated ubiquitin followed by affinity chromatography on avidin-agarose, intensive washing, tryptic digestion of proteins bound to the affinity sorbent and their mass spectrometry analysis resulted in reliable identification of 50 proteins belonging to mitochondrial and extramitochondrial compartments. Since all these proteins were bound to avidin-agarose only after preincubation of the mitochondrial fraction with biotinylated ubiquitin, they could therefore be referred to as specifically bound proteins. A search for specific ubiquitination signature masses revealed several extramitochondrial and intramitochondrial ubiquitinated proteins representing about 20% of total number of proteins bound to avidin-agarose. The interactome analysis suggests that the identified non-ubiquitinated proteins obviously form tight complexes either with ubiquitinated proteins or with their partners and/or mitochondrial membrane components. Results of the present study demonstrate that the use of biotinylated ubiquitin may be considered as the method of choice for in vitro evaluation of endogenous ubiquitin-conjugating machinery in particular subcellular organelles and changes in ubiquitin/organelle associated interactomes. This may be useful for evaluation of changes in interactomes induced by protein ubiquitination under norm and various brain pathologies.
Keywords: biotinylated ubiquitin; rat brain mitochondria; mitochondrial proteome; interactome biotinylated ubiquitin; rat brain mitochondria; mitochondrial proteome; interactome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Buneeva, O.A.; Medvedeva, M.V.; Kopylov, A.T.; Zgoda, V.G.; Medvedev, A.E. Use of Biotinylated Ubiquitin for Analysis of Rat Brain Mitochondrial Proteome and Interactome. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 11593-11609.

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