Next Issue
Previous Issue

E-Mail Alert

Add your e-mail address to receive forthcoming issues of this journal:

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Table of Contents

Int. J. Mol. Sci., Volume 9, Issue 1 (January 2008), Pages 1-106

  • Issues are regarded as officially published after their release is announced to the table of contents alert mailing list.
  • You may sign up for e-mail alerts to receive table of contents of newly released issues.
  • PDF is the official format for papers published in both, html and pdf forms. To view the papers in pdf format, click on the "PDF Full-text" link, and use the free Adobe Readerexternal link to open them.
View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-9
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Open AccessArticle Substituting Nε-thioacetyl-lysine for Nε-acetyl-lysine in Peptide Substrates as a General Approach to Inhibiting Human NAD+-dependent Protein Deacetylases
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 1-11; doi:10.3390/ijms9010001
Received: 12 November 2007 / Revised: 21 December 2007 / Accepted: 2 January 2008 / Published: 7 January 2008
Cited by 26 | PDF Full-text (226 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Inhibitors of human NAD+-dependent protein deacetylases possess great value for deciphering the biology of these enzymes and as potential therapeutics for metabolic and agerelated diseases and cancer. In the current study, we have experimentally demonstrated that, the potent inhibition we obtained
[...] Read more.
Inhibitors of human NAD+-dependent protein deacetylases possess great value for deciphering the biology of these enzymes and as potential therapeutics for metabolic and agerelated diseases and cancer. In the current study, we have experimentally demonstrated that, the potent inhibition we obtained previously for one of these enzymes (i.e. sirtuin type 1 (SIRT1)) by simply replacing Nε-thioacetyl-lysine for Nε-acetyl-lysine in its peptide substrate, represented a general and efficient strategy to develop potent and selective inhibitors of human NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase enzymes. Indeed, by using this simple inhibition strategy, potent (low-micromolar) and selective (≤40-fold) SIRT2 and SIRT3 inhibitors, which were either comparable or superior to currently existing inhibitors, have also been quickly identified in the current study. These inhibitors could be used as chemical biological tools or as lead compounds for further focused structure-activity optimization. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interaction of Biological Molecules)
Open AccessArticle Preparation, GIAO NMR Calculations and Acidic Properties of Some Novel 4,5-dihydro-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-one Derivatives with Their Antioxidant Activities
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 12-32; doi:10.3390/ijms9010012
Received: 12 November 2007 / Revised: 14 December 2007 / Accepted: 14 December 2007 / Published: 8 January 2008
Cited by 6 | PDF Full-text (196 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Six novel 3-alkyl(aryl)-4-(p-nitrobenzoylamino)-4,5-dihydro-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5- ones (2a-f) were synthesized by the reactions of 3-alkyl(aryl)-4-amino-4,5-dihydro-1H- 1,2,4-triazol-5-ones (1a-f) with p-nitrobenzoyl chloride and characterized by elemental analyses and IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and UV spectral data. The newly synthesized compounds 2 were titrated potentiometrically with tetrabutylammonium hydroxide
[...] Read more.
Six novel 3-alkyl(aryl)-4-(p-nitrobenzoylamino)-4,5-dihydro-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5- ones (2a-f) were synthesized by the reactions of 3-alkyl(aryl)-4-amino-4,5-dihydro-1H- 1,2,4-triazol-5-ones (1a-f) with p-nitrobenzoyl chloride and characterized by elemental analyses and IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and UV spectral data. The newly synthesized compounds 2 were titrated potentiometrically with tetrabutylammonium hydroxide in four non-aqueous solvents such as acetone, isopropyl alcohol, tert-butyl alcohol and N,Ndimethylformamide, and the half-neutralization potential values and the corresponding pKa values were determined for all cases. Thus, the effects of solvents and molecular structure upon acidity were investigated. In addition, isotropic 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic shielding constants of compounds 2 were obtained by the gauge-including-atomic-orbital (GIAO) method at the B3LYP density functional level. The geometry of each compound has been optimized using the 6-311G basis set. Theoretical values were compared to the experimental data. Furthermore, these new compounds and five recently reported 3-alkyl-4-(2- furoylamino)-4,5-dihydro-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-ones (3a-c,e,f) were screened for their antioxidant activities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Chemistry, Theoretical and Computational Chemistry)
Open AccessArticle Microwave-Assisted Esterification of N-Acetyl-L-Phenylalanine Using Modified Mukaiyama’s Reagents: A New Approach Involving Ionic Liquids
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 33-44; doi:10.3390/ijms9010033
Received: 30 November 2007 / Accepted: 10 January 2008 / Published: 16 January 2008
Cited by 10 | PDF Full-text (237 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Inspired by the concept of ionic liquids (ILs), this study modified the original Mukaiyama’s reagent, 2-chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide (m.p. 200-dec), from ionic solid into liquids by changing its anion. The esterification of N-acetyl-L-phenylalanine was investigated as a model reaction. The microwave irradiation was more
[...] Read more.
Inspired by the concept of ionic liquids (ILs), this study modified the original Mukaiyama’s reagent, 2-chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide (m.p. 200-dec), from ionic solid into liquids by changing its anion. The esterification of N-acetyl-L-phenylalanine was investigated as a model reaction. The microwave irradiation was more effective in esterifying N-acetyl-L-phenylalanine than the conventional reflux method. The original Mukaiyama’s reagent was modified into ILs through manipulating its anion. However, only non-nucleophilic anions (such as EtSO4- and Tf2N-) were favorable since nucleophilic ones (such as CF3COO- and CH3COO-) could exchange with chlorine resulting in non-reactive coupling reagents. Two modified Mukaiyama’s compounds (i.e. hydrophilic [2- ClMePy][EtSO4] and hydrophobic [2-ClMePy][Tf2N]) have been identified as the best ILtype coupling reagents. The esterification reaction was greatly enhanced by using 1- methylimidazole as the base instead of conventional toxic tertiary amines, and by using excess amount of alcohols as solvents instead of dichloromethane. Overall, the method reported is effective and ‘greener’. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ionic Liquids)
Open AccessArticle A Novel Soluble Tin(IV) Porphyrin Modified Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Nanohybrid With Light Harvesting Properties
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 45-55; doi:10.3390/ijms9010045
Received: 24 October 2007 / Revised: 12 December 2007 / Accepted: 4 January 2008 / Published: 21 January 2008
Cited by 15 | PDF Full-text (528 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
A dihydroxotin(IV) porphyrin functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) nanohybrid is obtained. Solubility of the nanohybrid in organic solvents is determined by UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectroscopy. Electron absorption and fluorescence spectra investigations demonstrate that efficient electron transfer occurs within the nanohybrid at the photoexcited state
[...] Read more.
A dihydroxotin(IV) porphyrin functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) nanohybrid is obtained. Solubility of the nanohybrid in organic solvents is determined by UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectroscopy. Electron absorption and fluorescence spectra investigations demonstrate that efficient electron transfer occurs within the nanohybrid at the photoexcited state and the charge-separated state of the nanohybrid is observed by transient absorption spectrum. The results illustrate that this soluble electron donor–acceptor nanohybrid might be a good candidate as a light harvesting material in molecular photoelectronic devices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
Open AccessArticle Dietary Flavonoids Sensitize HeLa Cells to Tumor Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL)
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 56-64; doi:10.3390/ijms9010056
Received: 16 August 2007 / Revised: 3 January 2008 / Accepted: 17 January 2008 / Published: 21 January 2008
Cited by 51 | PDF Full-text (121 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
TRAIL is a promising candidate for cancer therapeutics that preferentially induces apoptosis in cancer cells. The combined treatment flavonoids with TRAIL might be promising as a chemoprevention and/or new therapy against malignant tumors. We examined the cytotoxic effect of dietary flavonoids in combination
[...] Read more.
TRAIL is a promising candidate for cancer therapeutics that preferentially induces apoptosis in cancer cells. The combined treatment flavonoids with TRAIL might be promising as a chemoprevention and/or new therapy against malignant tumors. We examined the cytotoxic effect of dietary flavonoids in combination with TRAIL on HeLa cells. It was found that treatment with noncytotoxic concentration of some flavonoids significantly sensititizes to TRAIL induced death in HeLa cells. Our study demonstrated that flavone, apigenin and genistein markedly augmented TRAIL mediated cytotoxicity against HeLa, whereas kaempferol and quercetin produced no effect. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Compounds for Cancer Treatment and Prevention)
Open AccessArticle Computational Study for Protein-Protein Docking Using Global Optimization and Empirical Potentials
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 65-77; doi:10.3390/ijms9010065
Received: 2 December 2007 / Accepted: 15 January 2008 / Published: 22 January 2008
Cited by 4 | PDF Full-text (330 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Protein-protein interactions are important for biochemical processes in biological systems. The 3D structure of the macromolecular complex resulting from the protein-protein association is a very useful source to understand its specific functions. This work focuses on computational study for protein-protein docking, where the
[...] Read more.
Protein-protein interactions are important for biochemical processes in biological systems. The 3D structure of the macromolecular complex resulting from the protein-protein association is a very useful source to understand its specific functions. This work focuses on computational study for protein-protein docking, where the individually crystallized structures of interacting proteins are treated as rigid, and the conformational space generated by the two interacting proteins is explored extensively. The energy function consists of intermolecular electrostatic potential, desolvation free energy represented by empirical contact potential, and simple repulsive energy terms. The conformational space is six dimensional, represented by translational vectors and rotational angles formed between two interacting proteins. The conformational sampling is carried out by the search algorithms such as simulated annealing (SA), conformational space annealing (CSA), and CSA combined with SA simulations (combined CSA/SA). Benchmark tests are performed on a set of 18 protein-protein complexes selected from various protein families to examine feasibility of these search methods coupled with the energy function above for protein docking study. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interaction of Biological Molecules)
Open AccessArticle A Study on Physical and Chemical Properties of Cellulose Paper Immersed in Various Solvent Mixtures
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 78-88; doi:10.3390/ijms9010078
Received: 7 December 2007 / Accepted: 10 January 2008 / Published: 25 January 2008
Cited by 16 | PDF Full-text (381 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The cellulose paper treated in proportional mixture systems showed higher liquid absorption compare to only EtOH and MeOH treatments. It was approximately 40-70% and 50-91% higher for EtOH-NaOH and MeOH-NaOH treated papers, respectively. All conditions apparently bring about an effect of decreased strength
[...] Read more.
The cellulose paper treated in proportional mixture systems showed higher liquid absorption compare to only EtOH and MeOH treatments. It was approximately 40-70% and 50-91% higher for EtOH-NaOH and MeOH-NaOH treated papers, respectively. All conditions apparently bring about an effect of decreased strength for papers. The lowest tensile strength of 13.0 N/mm was found with EtOH and NaOH treated samples after 5th repeating wetting-drying stage. But, some conditions gave approximately 21-59.5% higher stretch than untreated samples. The pore size distributions of papers were evaluated with Simons stain procedure and experimental results usually consisted with sorption data. The less intense CH2-CH2- vibrations (1450-1700 cm-1) and C-C and C-O-C peak areas in FTIR spectra indicates lowering H-bonds in solvent treated and dried paper network structure. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
Open AccessArticle Germacrene D Cyclization: An Ab Initio Investigation
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 89-97; doi:10.3390/ijms9010089
Received: 17 December 2007 / Accepted: 23 January 2008 / Published: 25 January 2008
Cited by 8 | PDF Full-text (287 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Essential oils that contain large concentrations of germacrene D are typically accompanied by cadinane sesquiterpenoids. The acid-catalyzed cyclization of germacrene D to give cadinane and selinane sesquiterpenes has been computationally investigated using both density functional (B3LYP/6-31G*) and post Hartree-Fock (MP2/6-31G**) ab initio methods.
[...] Read more.
Essential oils that contain large concentrations of germacrene D are typically accompanied by cadinane sesquiterpenoids. The acid-catalyzed cyclization of germacrene D to give cadinane and selinane sesquiterpenes has been computationally investigated using both density functional (B3LYP/6-31G*) and post Hartree-Fock (MP2/6-31G**) ab initio methods. The calculated energies are in general agreement with experimentally observed product distributions, both from acid-catalyzed cyclizations as well as distribution of the compounds in essential oils. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Chemistry, Theoretical and Computational Chemistry)
Open AccessArticle Synthesis and Characterization of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Phenoxyacetic Acids
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(1), 98-106; doi:10.3390/ijms9010098
Received: 13 February 2007 / Revised: 15 November 2007 / Accepted: 29 November 2007 / Published: 25 January 2008
Cited by 17 | PDF Full-text (398 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (2-MPA), 2-methyl-4-chlorophenxyacetic acid (MCPA) and 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (4-CPA) were imprinted to investigate the cross-selectivities of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). The result indicates that 2-MPA, which is similar in shape, size and functionality with phenoxyacetic herbicides, are suitable to be used as
[...] Read more.
2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (2-MPA), 2-methyl-4-chlorophenxyacetic acid (MCPA) and 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (4-CPA) were imprinted to investigate the cross-selectivities of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). The result indicates that 2-MPA, which is similar in shape, size and functionality with phenoxyacetic herbicides, are suitable to be used as a suitable template to prepare the MIPs for retaining phenoxyacetic herbicides. To study the ion-pair interactions between template molecules and functional monomer 4-vinylpiridine (4-VP), computational molecular modeling was employed. The data indicate that the cross-selectivities of MIPs for phenoxyacetic acid herbicides depend on the binding energies of complexes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Recognition)

Journal Contact

MDPI AG
IJMS Editorial Office
St. Alban-Anlage 66, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
ijms@mdpi.com
Tel. +41 61 683 77 34
Fax: +41 61 302 89 18
Editorial Board
Contact Details Submit to IJMS
Back to Top