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Micromachines 2013, 4(4), 378-401; doi:10.3390/mi4040378

Guard Cell and Tropomyosin Inspired Chemical Sensor

Department of Engineering, James Madison University, 801 Carrier Drive, MSC 4113 Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
Received: 26 May 2013 / Revised: 30 September 2013 / Accepted: 11 October 2013 / Published: 18 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioinspired Microsensors and Micromachines)
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Sensors are an integral part of many engineered products and systems. Biological inspiration has the potential to improve current sensor designs as well as inspire innovative ones. This paper presents the design of an innovative, biologically-inspired chemical sensor that performs “up-front” processing through mechanical means. Inspiration from the physiology (function) of the guard cell coupled with the morphology (form) and physiology of tropomyosin resulted in two concept variants for the chemical sensor. Applications of the sensor design include environmental monitoring of harmful gases, and a non-invasive approach to detect illnesses including diabetes, liver disease, and cancer on the breath.
Keywords: biomimicry; bioinspired sensor; chemical sensor; function; design; physiology; morphology biomimicry; bioinspired sensor; chemical sensor; function; design; physiology; morphology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Nagel, J.K. Guard Cell and Tropomyosin Inspired Chemical Sensor. Micromachines 2013, 4, 378-401.

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