Next Article in Journal
Pollutant Removal and Hydraulic Reduction Performance of Field Grassed Swales during Runoff Simulation Experiments
Next Article in Special Issue
Nitrate Removal from Wastewater through Biological Denitrification with OGA 24 in a Batch Reactor
Previous Article in Journal
Development of a Continuous Phytoplankton Culture System for Ocean Acidification Experiments
Previous Article in Special Issue
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Conditions in Kenyan Rural Schools: Are Schools Meeting the Needs of Menstruating Girls?
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2014, 6(7), 1873-1886; doi:10.3390/w6071873

Marketing Household Water Treatment: Willingness to Pay Results from an Experiment in Rural Kenya

Department of Environmental Sciences & Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 148 Rosenau Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 April 2014 / Revised: 7 June 2014 / Accepted: 11 June 2014 / Published: 26 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Treatment and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [258 KB, uploaded 9 June 2015]   |  


Despite increasing availability of household water treatment products, demand in developing countries remains low. Willingness to pay for water treatment products and factors that affect demand are not well understood. In this study, we estimate willingness to pay for WaterGuard, a dilute chlorine solution for point-of-use water treatment, using actual purchase decisions at randomly assigned prices. Secondly, we identify household characteristics that are correlated with the purchase decision. Among a sample of 854 respondents from 107 villages in rural Kenya, we find that mean willingness to pay is approximately 80% of the market price. Although only 35% of sample households purchased WaterGuard at the market price, 67% of those offered a 50% discount purchased the product. A marketing message emphasizing child health did not have a significant effect on purchase behavior, overall or among the subset of households with children under five. These findings suggest that rural Kenyans are willing to pay for WaterGuard at low prices but are very sensitive to increasing price. Households with young children that could benefit the most from use of WaterGuard do not appear to be more likely to purchase the product, and a marketing message designed to target this population was ineffective.
Keywords: household water treatment; chlorination; willingness to pay; Kenya household water treatment; chlorination; willingness to pay; Kenya
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Blum, A.G.; Null, C.; Hoffmann, V. Marketing Household Water Treatment: Willingness to Pay Results from an Experiment in Rural Kenya. Water 2014, 6, 1873-1886.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top