Special Issue "Response of Tree Species to Abiotic Stresses in a Changing Environment"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 June 2017)
Dr. Lina Fusaro
Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro 5, Rome, Italy
Dr. Elisabetta Salvatori
Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro, 5 – 00185 Rome, Italy
During the last decades, ecosystems have been subjected to rapid changes in environmental conditions and the intensity and duration of stress factors has increased. In the global changes scenario, in which stress events are expected to became more frequent and unpredictable, plants have to deal with multiple simultaneous stressors that affect their functional and structural traits. In addition, stressors due to climate change, such as prolonged drought, increase of temperature, alteration of seasonal meteorological patterns, excess of light (including UV radiation), also anthropogenic stressors insist on vegetation worldwide. Particulate matter, gaseous pollutants as tropospheric ozone, heavy metals, nitrogen deposition and accordingly soil acidification, soil salinity caused by overexploitation of groundwater, and also land-use changes, are among the major threats. These factors affect the health of ecosystems and their capacity to provide Ecosystem Services (ES), and, thus, to improve human well-being The effects of multiple stresses and their interaction can jeopardize the provisioning of many ES, in terms of quality, quantity and temporal continuity, in natural and urban context. Moreover, it has been proven that biodiversity also declines under the pressure of the current changing environment, and more studies are needed to define the effect of biodiversity loss on ecosystem health and services provision. Understanding how plants respond to the concurrent action of different stresses, is fundamental to develop a successful strategy to preserve biodiversity and ecosystems functionality.
Manuscripts dealing with these topics in different environmental context (natural and urban environment), adopting various experimental approaches (from leaf, organism, whole-plant to ecosystem levels) in field or controlled conditions are welcome.
Prof. Fausto Manes
Dr. Lina Fusaro
Dr. Elisabetta Salvatori
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Global Changes
- Air Pollution
- Natural Ecosystems
- Ecosystem Services
- Land Use and Sustainable Management
- Urban and Periurban Forests
- Green Infrastructure
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Cross-talk between physiological and metabolic adjustments adopted by Quercus cerris under severe drought and ozone stress
Author: Cristina Nali
Abstract: Global climate change represents a moving target for plant acclimation and/or adaptation, especially in the Mediterranean basin. In this study, the interactions of drought (20% of the effective daily evapotranspiration) and O3 (80 ppb, 5 h d-1, for 28 consecutive days) on (i) photosynthetic performance, (ii) cell membrane stability, (iii) production of compatible solutes and (iv) antioxidative system were investigated in Quercus cerris. When only drought was applied, the synthesis of stress-associated metabolites was modified (abscisic acid, β-carotene and α-tocopherol increased, in comparison to controls) and leaf-intrinsic adjustments occurred (stomatal closure). However, Q. cerris was not able to delay or prevent the negative effect of drought, the most impacting factor in this study, on photosynthetic efficiency, water status, and membrane fluidity and permeability. O3 alone induced different quanti-qualitative responses in the defence system against a lower oxidative stress in comparison to drought. When it was applied after drought, plants of Q. cerris had higher capacities for osmotic adjustment and antioxidant protection (both ascribable to proline) and for these reasons, they were able to adjust and optimize their photosynthetic activity by increasing the tolerance to multiple stress conditions.