Special Issue "Urban Design and City Microclimates"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2018)
More than half the people in the world now live in cities and this proportion is expected to continue to increase. Global Climate Change (GCC) and Urban Heat Island (UHI) intensification are making cities hotter places to live. Hot cities can have both a chronic and an acute effect on human health. Uncomfortably hot conditions discourage people from spending time outdoors, which has various negative physiological and mental health implications. Current heat waves are more intense, more frequent, and last longer than in the past, leading to acute health effects including hyperthermia and death. Urban designers require solid evidence on how to either reverse or dampen these trends, and they need evidence-based adaptation strategies for redesigning cities so that they will be more thermally-comfortable every day, and particularly safer during extreme heat events.
This Special Issue will explore three important questions that have not been widely addressed in related literature, yet are critical to designing thermally-safe cities.
The first question is: how does the built urban environment modify the climate, at all scales? Papers that address this issue will measure atmospheric variables before and after modifications to the urban environments. Results will quantify the relative effects of different design interventions.
The second question is: how does microclimate affect the energy budget (or heat balance), safety, and thermal comfort level of humans? Studies will measure microclimatic conditions and survey people experiencing those conditions, and will use the results to develop and/or validate human energy budget models. They might also measure physiological characteristics of people, such as core temperature, heart rate variability, or skin temperatures as subjects experience different microclimates.
And the third question is: are there new, innovative instruments that can be used to measure microclimates and/or human thermal comfort in urban environments? One example might be an inexpensive miniature anemometer that could be deployed in a network to measure the wind in urban areas. Another example may be the use of unmanned air vehicles in understanding attributes of the urban environment (such as surface temperatures) as compared to in situ or satellite measurements.
Each paper in this Special Issue will include field measurements of microclimatic conditions and/or surveys, perceptions or physical measures of how people experience those conditions. Of particular importance will be the ability of contributions to move beyond simulations or even single point/case measures and to ground-truth and/or calibrate multiple measurement techniques. Finally, each will explain how their conclusions will help to design or redesign cities to make them safer and more thermally comfortable for residents in the context of a changing climate.
Prof. Dr. Robert Brown
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- microclimate modification
- urban heat islands
- global climate change
- urban design
- microclimate measurement
- human thermal comfort
- human health