Special Issue "Catalytic Combustion"
A special issue of Catalysts (ISSN 2073-4344).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 June 2013)
Dr. Marco J. Castaldi
Catalytic combustion has been studied extensively for a variety of catalyst formulations and fuel conversion. In the late 1980’s to early 2000’s catalytic combustion of natural gas was determined to be one of a couple of technologies that can meet ultra-low NOx (i.e., less than 3 ppmV@15% O2) requirements in the power generation industry. The extreme temperature gradients and rapid reaction kinetics are coupled with the requirement to maintain a low pressure thus making the design of the system very challenging. Although the pace of development has slowed recently there is still research continuing primarily due to the attributes associated with catalytic combustion. For example, catalytic combustion enables operation outside the flammability regime and it releases heat directly onto a surface enabling non-conventional heat integration. Furthermore, it has been shown that catalytic combustion has the ability to interrupt the NOx formation pathways and does not allow carbon-based emissions, such as CO and UHC to be released making it a true pollution prevention technique. Finally, there are some very similar performance characteristics with partial oxidation systems. It is anticipated that as synthetic fuels are developed their combustion characteristics will vary yet catalytic combustion may normalize those variations.
This special issue will cover numerous developments in the area of catalytic combustion research.
Prof. Dr. Marco J. Castaldi
Manuscript Submission Information
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- pollution prevention
- high temperature