Table of Contents
Nutrients, Volume 9, Issue 11 (November 2017)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) The Western diet promotes a pro-inflammatory environment and causes an increase in systemic and [...] Read more. The Western diet promotes a pro-inflammatory environment and causes an increase in systemic and airway inflammation. Fruit and vegetable consumption has systemic anti-inflammatory properties, leading to a decrease in plasma levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Fruit and vegetables are also associated with lower airway inflammation and a reduction of sputum neutrophils in asthma. The gut microbiota plays a role in immune responses to diet in asthma. Fruit and vegetables contain soluble fibre, which is digested by gut bacteria to produce anti-inflammatory metabolites such as short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). The western diet, high in fat, alters microbiota composition which potentiates inflammation. View this paper